Sports rehabilitation is a collective measure where a number of professionals have to be included starting from the field of play where injuries happen, reference for clinical address, acute stabilization by physiotherapists and the coming in of sports biokineticists till return to play. Sports injuries can be distinguished into three types namely upper limb, proximal , lower limb and sports medical. The goal of sports rehabilitation is always to bring an athlete back to play fully functional and reduce the risks of re-injury.
Factors Influencing sports rehabilitation
level /grade of injury
Injuries come in different grades and levels. This is very important in determining the rehabilitation process. The more extreme the injury the longer the cycle and more time is need to recover, for example a grade 1 injury generally takes lesser time compared to higher grades.
Location of tissue
The location of the injured tissue also determines the length of rehabilitation. Some tissues are used more often in sporting activities for example an “ACL” injury in soccer requires thorough rehabilitation for a player to return to play fully functional.
Type of tissue
We have a number of tissues in an athlete’s body and are affected differently due to their structure and characteristics. The most affected tissues can be distinguished into active and passive tissues depending on how they operate. A muscle tissue is a good example of an active tissue due to its involvement in movement through contraction and relaxation while a ligament is a passive tissue since it follows initiated movement up-to a certain degree as a way of protecting joints stability.
Sport demand profile
Each and every sport have its own demand profiles. Return back to play should be after complete recovery meaning the ability to return to play fully functional. Complete rehabilitation can only be attained when the rehabilitator fully understands the expected positional demands.
Athlete`s age and injury history
It is very important to trace the injured athlete’s history with the current injury. Most injuries especially on older athletes are recurring injuries hence a good rehabilitator should be knowledgeable on the injury history and the athlete`s age.