Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Fracture and dislocation

Two of the most common bone and joint injuries are fractures and dislocations. Both injuries should be considered emergency situations as seta into place as soon as possible by a trauma specialist. Moving a fractured or dislocated bone may cause further damage to the bone and surrounding blood vessels, nerves and tissues.

Types of bone fractures

Bone fractures can happen in a variety of ways, including accidents, repetitive stress injuries, osteoporosis and tumors. Many athletes have prematurely left the billion dollar industry due to fractures hence failing to meet different sports demand profiles.

The most common types of fractures are:

Closed or simple fracture

This a break in the bone in which the bone is still intact,

Open or compound bone fracture

This is a break in the bone in which the skin is perforated by bone or a blow at the time of the fracture

Segimental or multiple bone fructures

This is a break at two or more places on the same bone, this is usually due to a trauma or a crush.

Comminuted bone fracture

This is a break in which the bone is shattered into pieces, the can be due to a trauma or a crush as well.

Lines of bone fracture

Transverse: Forms a right angle withe axis of bone.

Oblique: Runs slanted to the axis of the bone

Longitudinal: Runs along the lines of its axis.

Joint dislocations

Joint dislocation is the displacement of the joint from its normal position, usually caused by a blow, fall, or other trauma. In addition to displaced bones, there may be damage to the joint capsule and surrounding muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Symptoms of joint dislocations include loss of motion, swelling and pain and sometimes a joint visibility out of place.

Dislocated finger